THE JEWS of Madinah broke treaties they had signed with the Muslims. They were expelled and went to Khaibar, 300km away.
Khaibar was a collection of forts and the last political capital of the Jews. The Romans expelled them from Palestine, the Persians from Babylon (Iraq) and the Muslims from Madinah.
In May/June 628 the Muslims confronted them at Khaibar. The Jews were beaten.
After the battle, the Muslims:
- returned copies of the Jewish holy book the Torah that they had seized in battle (the Romans had burnt all Jewish sacred writings when they conquered Jerusalem),
- allowed the Jews to stay on in Khaibar,
- held no one prisoner nor executed anyone.
The Jews remarked:
The existence of the earth and the sky are dependent on such universal justice.